IP AND OPTICAL NETWORKS
IP network is a technology that enables communication between devices, and optical network is a technology that uses optical fibers to transmit data at high speed and long distances. IP and optical networking are essential for applications such as email, web browsing, and online gaming, high-speed Internet, video streaming, and cloud computing.
Router: Routers are used in IP networks to forward packets between networks. Examples include processors, memory, network interfaces, and power supplies.
Optical transmission system: The optical transmission system is used for long-distance transmission and reception of high-speed optical signals in optical networks. Examples include lasers, modulators, and detectors.
Switches: Switches are used in both IP and optical networks to forward packets between network devices. Examples include processors, memory, network interfaces, and power supplies.
Multiplexers and Demultiplexers: Multiplexers and demultiplexers are used in optical networks to combine or separate multiple optical signals onto a single optical fiber. Examples include filters, gratings, and multiplexing/demultiplexing circuits.
Optical Amplifier: An optical amplifier is used to amplify optical signals in an optical network. Examples include erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs), pump lasers, and optical filters.